The lack of access to water in Africa for drinking and irrigation is a common concern for many people around the world. Several West African countries have unconsciously neglected their northern areas, which are predominantly semi-arid and poorer than the general indigenous populations. According to World Commission on Environment and Development statistics, more than one-third of Africa is at present under the threat of desertification. (Online source: http://www.fao.org/docrep/Z5700E/z5700e03.htm)
Many of the volunteers originally lived in Arigu or other nearby farming communities in Northern Ghana. They are excited and eager to contribute to rural communities such as this. It is imperative to create an environmental model where water security can be available to all areas of Africa. In doing so, crop production increases, leading to better access to education and medical care, and decrease of the exodus of young people to the cities. The combination creates a self-sustainable community model that meets the needs of all individuals concerned.